The urban metabolism concept investigates the biophysical interaction between a society and its environment. It does this by accounting for resource use (energy, materials, land, etc.) and its outputs to the environment and linking these with social, economic and technical parameters. The concept of urban metabolism is being used in the project SUME in a spatially explicit way, demonstrating how the urban form impacts resource flows and by analysing the spatial distribution of population, jobs, transport systems and urban building technologies. Two different storylines are at the core of two urban development scenarios developed for seven cities: the BASE scenario, interpreted as a continuation of urban development policies supporting past spatial development trends; and the SUME scenario, defined as a means for sustainable spatial development. The “space for action”, as referred to in this project, is the choice between these two scenarios which illustrate the potential for a reduction in the future demand of energy, materials and land.

Entwicklung der Bevölkerungsdichte Wiens 2001 bis 2050 © ÖIR GmbH
Entwicklung der Bevölkerungsdichte Wiens 2001 bis 2050 © ÖIR GmbH

ÖIR is lead partner of an international consortium.

Vienna change - BASE
Vienna change – BASE
Vienna change - SUME
Vienna change – SUME


Period: 2008
 - 2011
Client: -

Partner: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Automation; Delft University of Technology; Foundation for Research & Technology, Hellas; Newcastle University; Nordregio; Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung; Universität Klagenfurt, IFF; University of Porto, Faculty of Engineering; Warsaw School of Economics

Finanziert durch: Europäische Kommission, Generaldirektion Forschung, 7. Rahmenprogramm

Methods: Stakeholder dialogue, Workshop, Conference

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